Breed — a stock of animals within a species having a distinctive appearance and typically having been developed by deliberate selection Breeding animal — an animal caused to produce offspring typically in a controlled and organized way Dam — a female parent Flock — a grouping of a species of livestock sheep, poultry Herd — a group of a single species of animal cattle, horses, swine, goats Livestock — domestic farm animals kept for productive purposes meat, milk, work, wool Market animal — livestock bred and raised for food consumption Polled — a naturally hornless animal Sire — a male parent Litter — multiple offspring produced at one birth by a multi-parous mammal. Also called brood. Chick — a newly hatched or a very young chicken Broilers — a chicken that is six to 13 weeks of age used for meat production Pullet — Female bird under one year of age Hen — Female bird over one year of age Cockerel — Male bird under one year of age Rooster — Male bird over one year of age Popular Products — eggs and chicken. Bovine — the scientific name for cattle Calf — a sexually immature young bovine Heifer — a young female bovine which has not yet had a calf Cow — a mature female bovine Steer — a castrated male bovine Bull — a sexually mature male bovine Popular Products — milk, beef and leather.
Cattle Terminology: Bulls, Springers, Freemartins
Heifer | cattle | Britannica
Cattle , or cows female and bulls male , are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates. They are a prominent modern member of the subfamily Bovinae , are the most widespread species of the genus Bos , and are most commonly classified collectively as Bos taurus. Cattle are commonly raised as livestock for meat beef or veal , see beef cattle , for milk see dairy cattle , and for hides , which are used to make leather. They are used as riding animals and draft animals oxen or bullocks , which pull carts , plows and other implements.
In general, the same words are used in different parts of the world but with minor differences in the definitions. The terminology described here contrasts the differences in definition between the United Kingdom and other British influenced parts of world such as Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, and the United States. An intact i. A wild, young, unmarked bull is known as a micky in Australia.
Ass is a single hoofed mammal of the genus Equus, related to the horses. They typically have a smaller build and longer ears. Horse is a domesticated large single hoofed mammal Equus caballus with a short-haired coat, a long mane, and a long tail used for riding, pulling, or carrying loads.