This practice can reduce soil erosion by up to 75 percent when compared to planting row crops up and down the slope. Managing Surface Cover 1. Distribute residue evenly at harvest 2. Avoid fall tillage 3. Determine how your operations will affect residue cover 4.
The multifunctional roles of vegetated strips around and within agricultural fields
Buffer strip - Wikipedia
As their name implies, buffer strips provide an intermediate protection zone between cropped or grazed land and areas of conservation value. In an ideal world, all watercourses would be protected by buffer strips which were themselves of high conservation value. Go to main content Go to main navigation Go to login. Section 6: Cropping and grazing beside rivers Buffer strips Fencing. Farming and Watercourse Management Handbook.
Maintaining a network of grass buffer strips and other wildlife-friendly margins around arable fields and ponds will provide vital terrestrial habitat for many species. Margins next to watercourses buffer them from farm inputs and surface run-off and help to ensure compliance with legal obligations. These buffer strips are the last line of defence where other measures to prevent soil erosion and run-off have not been successful: consider soil management, crop rotations, winter cover crops and in-field grass areas to further protect soils and water. Tussocky grass margins provide essential over-wintering habitat for many welcome insects and spiders, which will feed on crop pests in the spring.
Metrics details. Agriculture can have substantial negative impacts on the environment. The establishment and management of vegetated strips adjacent to farmed fields including various field margins, buffer strips and hedgerows are commonly advocated mitigation measures for these negative environmental impacts. However, it may be difficult to obtain reliable evidence on the effects of implementation and management of vegetated strips, even though a substantial body of evidence exists. We describe a systematic map of research relating to vegetated strips in boreo-temperate farming systems to answer the question: What evidence exists regarding the effects of field margins on nutrients, pollutants, socioeconomics, biodiversity, and soil retention in boreo-temperate systems?