The Asian elephant Elephas maximus , also known as the Asiatic elephant , is the only living species of the genus Elephas and is distributed throughout the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia , from India in the west, Nepal in the north, Sumatra in the south, and to Borneo in the east. Three subspecies are recognised— E. The Asian elephant is the largest living land animal in Asia. It is primarily threatened by loss of habitat , habitat degradation , fragmentation and poaching. In zoos, Asian elephants die at a much younger age; captive populations are declining due to a low birth and high death rate.
Elephant Facts - The Elephant Sanctuary in Tennessee
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Along with these, there are a number of other differences between the two species. In scientists recategorized the African elephant species into the larger African savanna elephant sometimes called the African bush elephant Loxodonta africana and the slightly smaller African forest elephant Loxodonta cyclotis. These two types of elephants have some small physical and genetic differences, but there are still arguments over whether the differences are large enough to justify categorizing them as two different species. While the two types of African elephants are different in size and favoured habitats, they both have more features in common with one another than with the Asian elephant Elephas maximus.
Elephants are the only remaining members of the Proboscidea order of mammals. Other species rely on the keystone species for survival. These are distinguished by physical traits related to their geographic location.